5063-5397 Engine

6V53T Engine for AMX-13 Tank

The 5063-5397 engine is a six-cylinder V6 configuration two-stroke turbocharged diesel engine with 53cid (Cubic Inch Displacement) per cylinder, Model 6V53T. The 6V53T engine has a total displacement of 318 cubic inches and can produce up to 275 brake horsepower. This two-stroke diesel has a maximum speed of 2850 RPM and a small, light package compared to its maximum torque rating.

Engine without Container
NSN: 2815-01-014-3217 / Part Number: 5063-5397

6V53T Engine Features

  • High Reliability
  • Wide Environmental Tolerance
  • Ease of Maintenance
  • High-Torque for Physical Size
  • Multi-Fuel Capable
  • Robust Design
5063-5397 Engine 6V53T for AMX-13 Tank
5063-5397 Engine 6V53T for AMX-13 Tank
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Turbocharged 2-Cycle Diesel Turbocharged 2-Cycle Diesel

On two-cycle diesel engines, normal aspiration refers to the engine having "neutral" air intake boost pressure. As 2-Stroke diesel engines do not have intake valves, a positive pressure must be generated to push the intake air into the cylinder which is provided by a supercharger, but the supercharger is not considered a pressure boost device as the induction of air into the cylinder causes a neutral average pressure in the intake system.

In turbocharged engine models, one or more turbochargers are used to provide positive boosted intake pressures to increase combustion efficiency and power output.

Supercharger NSN: 2930-01-448-7671
Supercharger Part Number: 23516738
5063-5397 Engine 6V53T Blower Midi Bypass
5063-5397 Engine 6V53T Blower Midi Bypass

Speed Limiting Governor Speed Limiting Governor

5063-5397 engines are equipped with a speed-limiting governor. A speed limiting governor reduces the fuel injected into the cylinders once the desired maximum speed is reached. The linkage from governor to injector contains a hydraulic damper piston to reduce the rate of throttle change and protect against speed hunting. The 6V53T is well known to have a mode of failure called "run-away". Run Away occurs when the governor mechanism fails or is incorrectly adjusted. The fuel injectors of the 5063-5397 are sprung loaded to maximum fuel. The governor and its linkages must be functional to reduce the fuel to prevent run away where the engine will keep accelerating until the engine fails. The only way to stop run away once it is happening is to shut off the air supply to the engine intake.

Lubrication System Lubrication System

The 5063-5397 engine has a rotary oil pump located within a housing on the front of the engine directly driven by the crankshaft. The georotor pump has 1.5" wide pump gears for higher capacity flow and is driven on a spline on the crankshaft. Gerotor pumps use a trochoidal inner rotor and an outer rotor formed by a circle with intersecting circular arcs. A suction tube and screened pickup suck oil from the oil pan. There are two oil pressure regulating valves in the oil pump housing that regulate the engine oil pressure.

Oil Pump NSN: 2815-01-219-4102
Oil Pump Part Number: 5104714
5063-5397 Engine 6V53T Oil Pump
5063-5397 Engine 6V53T Oil Pump

Cold Starting Aid Cold Starting Aid

The 5063-5393 engine has an air box flame heater system as a cold starting aid when temperatures are below 40F (4C). The vehicle operator can operate the heating system remotely from their control station. When operated, a solenoid valve is opened allowing diesel fuel from the vehicle under pressure from the vehicle's electric fuel pumps to be fed to a spray nozzle located in the air box of the engine. An engine mounted electric air pump provides pressurized air to a nozzle in the air box of the engine. An engine mounted spark generator then provides high-voltage pulses to a spark plug adjacent to the fuel and air nozzles in the engine's air box. The fuel-air mixture is ignited repeatedly causing the intake air for the engine to be heated and assisting in cold starts.

Glow Plug Conversion Kit Glow Plug Conversion Kit

An upgrade kit is available for 6V53 engines to convert the air box flame heater system to a glow plug system. The glow plug system is more reliable and easier to maintain than the air box flame heater system and allows starting at a lower temperature. The glow plug system is lower maintenance and more reliable than the air box flame heater system.

The glow plug conversion kit includes cylinder heads, glow plugs, electrical harnesses and a new electronic glow plug controller.

Upgrade Kit for M113 Block 1 Engines
The glow plug conversion kit for engines including 5063-5299,5063-5392,5063-5397,5063-5398,5063-539F is NSN 2815-01-560-3817 / Part Number: 57K6588
Upgrade Kit for M113 Block 2+ Engines
The glow plug conversion kit for engine 5063-5393 is NSN 2815-01-653-9437 / Part Number: 57K8639